AIDS is a rapidly spreading diseases because of improper management, lack of awareness and care. There are many people who still do not know about AIDS and HIV. This is the reason they are unable to take the required precautionary measures which could help them live a healthier and better life. Here we have a complete overview of HIV and AIDS that will help you understand the problem and take precautionary measures against it.
What is HIV
HIV is the abbreviation for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that attacks the immune system of the human body that leads to the illness of natural defense system of our body. The virus will destroy the white blood cells known as T-Helper cells which are important for the protection of our body.
The virus will start replicating inside the body inside T cells. T-Helper cells are commonly known as CD4 cells. It will start destroying the cells to make its copies inside the body. With the passage of time, the immune system will become weak. It means that if you HIV in your system and you are not taking antiretroviral treatment. After some time it will become hard for you to fight off diseases and infections.
If HIV is not treated after 10 to 15 years, the immune system will be severely damaged. It will not be able to defend the body. However, the rate at which HIV progresses will depend on health, age and background.
Important facts about HIV
- By taking antiretroviral therapy, people with HIV can enjoy healthy and long life. The treatment is easily available and effective.
- The sooner you will get diagnosed with HIV, the sooner you can start your treatment. It will increase your chances of living a long life.
- To know your status regularly tests for HIV are important.
- HIV is present in blood, breast milk, semen, anal and vaginal fluids.
- Sweat, urine or saliva are the not mode for transmission of HIV.
- During sex, it is better to use protection to prevent transmission of HIV or other STDs.
- Always use clean and new syringes for injections. Never share your equipment.
- If you have HIV and you are pregnant, the virus can pass into your baby through blood and breastfeeding. It is important that you take treatment and become undetectable for protection of your baby.
What is AIDS?
AIDS is an abbreviation for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It is a set of symptoms caused because of HIV. A person will have AIDS when his immune system cannot fight off infection. The patient will develop certain diseases and symptoms. It is the late stage of HIV. The infection is advanced, and if not managed properly it can lead to death at a young age.
Important facts about AIDS
- AIDS is the late or advanced stage of HIV infection.
- It is a set of diseases and symptoms which develop because of the weak immunity system. From minor allergies to cancer, a person with AIDS can suffer from any diseases.
- Treatment for HIV is available due to which fewer people develop AIDS. It means that more people can have a healthy life with HIV in their system.
Although there is no cure for HIV or AIDS available. However, with the right support and treatment, many people are living a healthy life. It is important to get yourself diagnosed and have proper treatment.